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Fri, 28 Dec 2007

Pioneering Galileo satellite begins third year in orbit

The first satellite in Europe’s Galileo satellite navigation programme today achieves two years of highly successful in-orbit operation. GIOVE-A secured a crucial Galileo frequency filing with the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and supported the development and validation of technology crucial to the future of Galileo.

The 660kg satellite was developed by SSTL for the European Space Agency (ESA) to broadcast Galileo signals from space and claim the frequencies filed with the ITU for Europe. SSTL designed, built and tested the first Galileo satellite through a rapid (30 month) development programme and within a 28 million Euro budget, and launched the satellite on schedule on 28th December 2005.

Just 15 days later, at 17:25 GMT on the 12 January 2006, the first Galileo signals were transmitted from the satellite. By March the same year, ESA was able to confirm that it had brought the Galileo-related frequency filings into use, three months ahead of the official ITU deadline. Since then, ESA has built up the GIOVE Mission Segment, comprising Galileo Experimental Sensor Stations (GESS) distributed world-wide and the GIOVE Processing Centre, to track the GIOVE A navigation signals to generate orbit models and produce navigation messages. This has enabled ESA to check both the instruments on-board the satellite and the receivers on the ground and tests have confirmed the success of the mission.

GIOVE-A has also assisted clock characterisation experiments that enabled ESA to test the performance of the satellite’s state-of-the-art onboard rubidium atomic frequency clock. Initial results demonstrated the clocks to be highly accurate, proving technology that will be integral to all future Galileo satellites.

This small SSTL satellite is a pioneer – not only for its payload’s importance to Galileo but also for its Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) location. Andy Bradford, SSTL’s Engineering Director, recalls, “European scientists possessed scant information about this new operating environment. We knew very little about the effects of radiation in this orbit and the design and protection of the satellite was a significant engineering challenge. The knowledge and experience gained first-hand from this successful mission is significant for the development of future SSTL missions beyond LEO.”

Operating at 23,258 km, GIOVE-A has proven reliable and gathered important data about the MEO environment for use in future Galileo missions.

On the 5th March ESA awarded a second contract to SSTL for initial activities leading to the construction of a further spacecraft for the Galileo satellite navigation system. Named GIOVE-A2, the new satellite (estimated total value 25 to 30 million Euros) is based on the Company’s proven GIOVE-A technology. The intention is to provide a follow-on mission to ensure signal continuity.

The next phase in Galileo has recently been confirmed with a financing package of 3.4 billion Euros agreed by the European Union. This requires a constellation of 30 satellites and an associated worldwide network of ground stations to be deployed by 2013. SSTL hopes to put the knowledge and technology developed through GIOVE-A and GIOVE-A2 into practice in the next phase. On the 4th December SSTL signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with German satellite manufacturer, OHB Technology AG, signalling their willingness to bid together for Galileo satellite contracts.

Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) develops innovative technologies to change the economics of space, delivering cost effective satellite missions within rapid timescales. The Company is a world leader in the design, manufacture and operation of high performance small satellites with experience gained over more than 25 years and 27 missions launched.

SSTL employs 270 staff working on LEO, GEO and interplanetary missions, turnkey satellite platforms and space-proven satellite subsystems and optical systems. The Company also provides know-how transfer and training programmes and consultancy services, and performs studies for ESA, NASA and commercial customers related to platform design, mission analysis and planning.

Based in Guildford, UK, SSTL is owned by the University of Surrey (85%), SSTL staff (5%), and SpaceX of the USA (10%).

www.sstl.co.uk

Notes to editor:

Supporting graphics for this press release can be downloaded from the online press room. These can be previewed in the printable pdf version of this press release, that can be downloaded from the SSTL online press room :

http://www.ballard.co.uk/sstl/

Higher resolution images available on request.

SSTL Contact:

Audrey Nice, Surrey Satellite Technology Limited

Tel: +44 (0)1483 804200 Email: a.nice@sstl.co.uk

Press Contact:

Robin Wolstenholme, Ballard Communications Management (BCM)

Tel: +44 (0)1306 882288 Email: r.wolstenholme@ballard.co.uk