By continuing to use this site, you agree to the use of cookies. You can find out more by following this link Accept & Close ›
Space Blog

Simulators prepare star trackers for spaceflight

SSTL’s Optical Payload Group is currently building two Dynamic Multi Star-field Simulators (DMSS) at its Sevenoaks facility that will be used to test star trackers that will be flown in space under simulated operating conditions here on Earth. Star trackers are an essential subsystem in any satellite, providing information that allows the spacecraft's on board computer to determine its orientation or "pointing" at any point in time.
DMSS assembly
They work by taking an image of a region of the sky using a specially designed optical camera, and comparing successive images to determine how much the orientation of the satellite has drifted. This information is then sent to an attitude control system that corrects for the drift by using on-board thrusters or other motion-generating devices to maintain the correct satellite pointing. Any time a satellite is manoeuvred in orbit, the pointing information from star trackers is vital to the spacecraft’s control systems. For example, solar panels must be aligned to capture the maximum available light from the Sun, and communications antennae pointed towards the Earth. Star trackers are now available that operate in autonomous modes. These units are able to dynamically monitor the star fields in orbit and provide correction information back to the satellite to counteract adverse platform manoeuvres, such as slews and spins, which is particularly useful in the early stage of mission operations or following a major system failure. To test these units on the ground prior to launch, it is essential to present the star trackers with a dynamically varying star field. This is where the DMSS comes in.





22 April 20100 Comments1 Comment

Back to Blog

Blog post currently doesn't have any comments.
 Security code

About This Blog

SSTL's lowdown on cost effective space technology, small satellites, space science and interplanetary exploration.

Post Archive

October 2017(1)
May 2017(1)
January 2017(2)
October 2016(3)
September 2016(1)
July 2016(1)
June 2016(1)
April 2016(1)
March 2016(4)
February 2016(3)
December 2015(2)
November 2015(3)
October 2015(3)
July 2015(1)
May 2015(0)
May 2015(1)
April 2015(1)
March 2015(2)
February 2015(2)
January 2015(2)
December 2014(1)
November 2014(2)
October 2014(2)
September 2014(1)
July 2014(2)
June 2014(3)
May 2014(1)
April 2014(1)
March 2014(1)
February 2014(2)
January 2014(2)
November 2013(3)
October 2013(2)
September 2013(2)
July 2013(3)
June 2013(2)
May 2013(2)
April 2013(4)
March 2013(1)
February 2013(3)
January 2013(5)
December 2012(6)
November 2012(5)
October 2012(4)
September 2012(4)
August 2012(1)
July 2012(6)
June 2012(1)
May 2012(2)
April 2012(5)
March 2012(3)
February 2012(3)
January 2012(1)
December 2011(1)
November 2011(4)
October 2011(5)
September 2011(4)
August 2011(3)
July 2011(4)
June 2011(6)
May 2011(3)
April 2011(1)
March 2011(3)
February 2011(2)
January 2011(3)
December 2010(2)
November 2010(1)
October 2010(2)
September 2010(4)
August 2010(4)
July 2010(2)
June 2010(2)
May 2010(2)
April 2010(4)
March 2010(4)
February 2010(4)
January 2010(3)
December 2009(2)
November 2009(5)
October 2009(2)
September 2009(6)
August 2009(4)
July 2009(3)
June 2009(1)
May 2009(2)
March 2009(2)
February 2009(5)
January 2009(2)
December 2008(3)
November 2008(6)
October 2008(5)
September 2008(3)
August 2008(5)
June 2008(1)
May 2008(3)
April 2008(5)
March 2008(1)
February 2008(1)
January 2008(3)
December 2007(3)
November 2007(6)
October 2007(3)
September 2007(3)
August 2007(1)
July 2007(1)
June 2007(2)
May 2007(2)
April 2007(1)
January 2007(3)
December 2006(1)
September 2006(1)
May 2006(2)
January 2006(1)
December 2005(7)

Show/Hide All

If you like Space Blog, why not subscribe by RSS by clicking the subscribe button, or to recieve updates by email click the subscribe by email button.

*Comments Policy
SSTL reserves the right not to publish comments if they are deemed inappropriate.