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First Nations Satellites

First satellites for the nations of South Korea (1992), Portugal (1993), Chile (1995), Algeria (2002) and Nigeria (2003)

KITSat-1 – South Korea
Launched in 1992, KITSAT-1 was developed through a collaborative program between KAIST and the University of Surrey.  The main objective of the KITSAT-1 program was to acquire satellite technology through the training and education of satellite engineers.  The success of the KITSAT-1 program marked the beginning of space technology development for South Korea, and they now have their own commercial satellite manufacturer, SaTReC. 
         
PoSAT-1 - Portugal
PoSAT-1, the first Portuguese satellite, was launched into orbit on September 26, 1993, from the Kourou Space Centre, French Guiana. The PoSAT project was developed by a consortium of universities and companies in Portugal and a team of seven Portuguese engineers worked alongside SSTL employees on the build of the microsatellite.  PoSAT-1 was an earth observation and technology demonstration mission.  It carried two imagers, one with a wide field of view with 2 km ground resolution, the second narrow field imager provides 200m ground resolution.  It also carried a Cosmic Ray Experiment and a Digital Signal Processing Experiment. 
 
FASat-A and FASat-B – Chile
FASat-A was the first Chilean experimental microsatellite in orbit, built under a technology transfer program between the Chilean Air Force and SSTL and launched on August 31, 1995 on a Russian Cyclone-3 vehicle. Unfortunately, the separation mechanism to release FASat-A failed to operate and the spacecraft was declared as lost. The primary payload,  the SICH-1 satellite, was able to perform its observation functions unharmed with the FASat-A satellite permanently attached to it.
 
The FASat-B satellite was built as a replacement to FASat-A and launched in 1998. 
 
AlSAT-1 – Algeria
AlSAT-1 was Algeria's first national satellite and was designed and constructed by SSTL within a collaborative programme with the Algerian Centre National des Techniques Spatiales (CNTS). A joint British-Algerian team of SSTL & CNTS engineers successfully completed the manufacture and pre-flight testing of the enhanced microsatellite during a 15-month programme.
 
AlSAT-1, an SSTL-100 platform, carried specially-designed Earth imaging cameras which provided 32-meters resolution imaging in 3 spectral bands (NIR, red, green) with an extremely wide imaging swath of 600 km.  AlSAT-1 was the first satellite in the Disaster Monitoring Constellation.
 
NigeriaSat-1 – Nigeria
Built under a training and transfer programme with the Nigeria Space Research & Development Agency, the 100kg NigeriaSat-1 was launched into the Disaster Monitoring Constellation providing 32m multispectral imaging with a 600km wide swath. Retired from service after 8 years , NigeriaSat-1 acquired a wide range of data useful for geospatial purposes. The imaging system was fitted with normalised differential vegetative index (NDVI) technology capable of giving early warning signals of natural and environmental disasters.


AlSAT-1 being prepared for launch

 

 

 
FaSAT-B PoSAT NigeriaSAT-1



KitSat-1 and team